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Should your child study in the US? Part 2 - Employment and work visa

In the previous article, we talked about the academic requirements and what the pros and cons of studying in different regions.


In this article you will find out about the visa requirements, average salary and unemployment rate in all of these regions, to help your child pick the right country to study abroad in.



United States Of America


Visa

Applying for the U.S Visa is a long and lengthy process that can take a couple of months or even a year. It requires you to fill out a lengthy application, and it also requires you to partake in an interview with an immigrant officer. Students must also pay for a $160 application fee.


The US also offers a Green Card, that allows the immigrant to reside in the country permanently. These are given to mostly immigrants who work in a job that usually requires a bachelor degree or above.


Additionally, the USA also offers a special H-1B visa that allows employers to hire graduate workers with bachelor degrees with


Employment & Cost of Living

The current unemployment rate in the US is 13.3% as of May 2020. However, this is generally higher than it is on an average, most likely due to the COVID-19 crisis all around the world. Usually the unemployment rate is around 4%. The median salary in the US is around $50,000.


The average cost of living for students studying abroad in America is around $10,000 to $12,000, excluding tuition.


The cost of living for an adult (graduate) differs per state, but is generally around $13,000 - $15,000.



United Kingdom


Visa

Even after the implementation of the immigrant laws, it is still fairly easy for students to get a visa in the UK, provided they are able to show proof of funds and ties to their home country.



The UK also offers an Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR). This allows the immigrant to work and stay in the country. An immigrant can earn this through a family connection or through employment, after a period of continuous residence.


Additionally, the UK offers a general work visa (tier 2), for which you need to have a valid job with an appropriate salary.


Employment & Cost of Living

The current unemployment rate in the UK is around 4%, even after the COVID-19 crisis. The average salary in the UK is around 71,000 GBP. This is around $90,000.


The average cost of living for adults (graduate) and students differs per region, but is generally around 9,000 GBP, which is $11,000.



Canada


Visa

It is fairly easy to get a Canadian visa, and you usually get accepted if you can show proof of financial funds and describe your purpose for residing in the country, which of course would be to pursue higher education.



Canada also offers a Federal Skilled Worker visa that allows the immigrant to reside in Canada permanently. These are provided to individuals who have skilled work experience and are seeking to work and reside in Canada permanently. In order to apply for this, you will need to have work experience as well as a job offer in Canada.


Employment & Cost of Living

The unemployment rate is currently around 13.7%, however this is heightened due to the COVID-19 crisis. Usually, Canada’s unemployment rate is around 5%. The average salary is CAD 52,000, which is around $37,000 a year.


Upon entering the country, you will be required to show proof of CAD 12,000, which is around $9,000, as this is the average cost of living for a student in Canada.


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